Facebook and Tesla Motors Founders Invest in the Creation of Artificial Intelligence

artificial intelligenceMark Zuckerberg, Elon Musk and Ashton Kutcher invested in artificial intelligence developer Vicarious FPC. The amount of investments was $40 million.

Founder of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg, co-owner of Tesla Motors and SpaceX Elon Musk and popular actor and venture investor Ashton Kutcher invested $40 million into the company Vicarious, which studies the structure of the cerebral cortex and tries to recreate it in the computer code.

It is the second largest investment in the company for the past two years. In the first round the Vicarious FPC received investment from Continue reading

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Exploring the Mystery of Intuition

intuitionIntuition is full of temptations. How can we keep from trying to explain something that came out of nowhere to solve a problem as something that was “sent down from above”?

Intuition is often referred to as “readily available knowledge“, which has the property to “suddenly” appear in the head of an individual. But we often fail to take into account the fact that we have long been preoccupied with solving this problem.

How it works

Intuition is viewed as a method to attain philosophical knowledge, ability to perceive information, the method of decision-making in critical situations, and ability to successfully deal with the situation during uncertainty, and also as an instinct. With such an extensive activity context, it is necessary to clarify that “intuition” is primarily a cognitive process. However, it does not work the way we are accustomed to think: when thinking process leads to intuitive response. This process follows “different rules”: Continue reading

Sex Stimulates the Brain Function, Say Scientists

sex brain functionScientists from the U.S. and South Korea performed a series of experiments on rats and mice of middle age and came to interesting results.

Researchers at the University of Maryland found that sexual experience stimulates the development of new neurons in the hippocampus, which is responsible for the transition to long-term memory.

Several tests showed that after a series of sexual acts the process of neurogenesis in aging rats accelerated, and their brains actually became younger.

However, the suspension of the process of sexual activity slowed down the process of regenerating neurons and all the improvements in the higher brain functions Continue reading

7 Most Controversial Medical Theories Proven True

medical theoriesVery often different theories and studies cause strife in scientific circles, but sometimes even the most unbelievable of them ultimately prove true. See these 7 most controversial theories that were eventually proven true:

1. Air pollution causes lung cancer

Since 1939, many scientists have argued that cancer is mainly caused by various factors such as air pollution. It took 21 years to confirm this theory.

2. Bacteria cause ulcers

In 1982, doctors Robin Warren and Barry Marshall from Australia associated the bacteria «Helicobacter pylori» with the ulcer, but the medical community argued that the cause of the condition was stress in combination with specific food choices. However, in mid 1990s, the American Institute of Health confirmed their theory.

3. The aspirin reduces the risk of heart attack

In 1950, Lawrence Craven from California published his first research which showed that the effect of aspirin prevents the blood clots that cause heart disease. About 40 years later, the prescription of one aspirin a day to patients with heart disease was adopted. Continue reading

6 Psychological Effects That Alter Our Perception of Other People

alter perception of others1. Eyewitness Effect

This phenomenon states that the more people there are, the less likely is that someone will help you.

2. Inaccessibility Effect

Very twofold effect. It lies in the fact that people with high and inaccessible ideals are more interesting and desirable for others than those available here and now. At the same time, “the elusive” person scares people away and soon becomes lonely.

3. Pygmalion Effect

The term was taken from the famous play by George Bernard Shaw. Lenore Jacobson and Robert Rosenthal used it to refer to the prophecy that is fulfilled because of a strong belief in its truthfulness. The researchers tested it on school students. They manipulated the expectations of teachers, saying that some students, who were actually chosen by chance, have a high IQ. As a result, these students appeared to be Continue reading

10 Ways to Improve Your Brain Function

Thinking process is continuous. We constantly reflect and solve challenging puzzles of life. Sometimes it is necessary to help your brain speed up the cognitive processing. How to do it? Try the following tips.

1. Coffee

coffee brain

Caffeine helps you focus on labor-intensive tasks and accelerates cognitive processes. Of course, it doesn’t mean that coffee will make you more intelligent. Caffeine temporarily makes our brain work more efficiently, but drinking coffee all the time can Continue reading

20 Interesting Facts You Didn’t Know About Human Behavior

human behavior1. People with high levels of testosterone get pleasure from the anger of others.

2. People with low self-esteem tend to humiliate others. Subjects who were told that the results of their IQ test were poor expressed more national and religious prejudices, than those who reported higher results.

3. People sincerely believe that their negative opinions about others are truthful and have no connection with them and their self-confidence. In fact, the humiliation of others helps them restore their own self-esteem.

4. The behavior of people is affected by bodily sensations. For example, there is a strong association between heaviness and Continue reading

10 Clever Riddles to Warm Up Your Brain

1. The Horse Riddle

British scientists have found that during an average day, a horse had one pair of legs travel a total of 18 miles, while the other pair covered 19 miles. Are they really out of their minds, or can this really be true?

horse riddle

2. A Little Boy and a Tree

A little boy 100 centimeters tall put a nail into a tree as a mark for his own height. Three years later, he returned to the tree and put another nail at the point of his height. During this time, the boy has grown 20 centimeters taller, and the tree has grown 40 centimeters taller. What is the distance between the nails? Continue reading

Humanity Is Gradually Becoming Less Intelligent, Claim Scientists

humanity intelligenceScientists sound the alarm: at the end of XIX century, people were much smarter and more creative than they are now. The fault is on the natural selection, since the more intelligent the person is, the fewer children he has, and vice versa.

Every new century humans become less clever and creative. This assumption was made by British scientists who studied the rate of the perception of people of the Victorian era, and the one of our contemporaries.

As the results of the study showed, the rate of general intelligence has been gradually decreasing. Thus, in 1889 the rate of perception in men was 183 milliseconds, while in 2000 it fell to 253 milliseconds. The similar tendency was observed in women – the speed of their perception has dropped from 188 to 261 milliseconds during the same period.

As said by The Telegraph, the diminished reflexes also indicate a decline in overall intelligence quotient (IQ), which is down by 1.23 points every decade, and since 1880 it has fallen by 14 points.

The researchers said they did not directly compare the IQ level of the representatives of different eras since the opportunities in education, medicine, and food of modern people are much better than the ones of previous generations. Though, according to the study authors, the high rate of perception in people of the Victorian era shows that they were more inventive and creative. Continue reading

Evolution and Human Consciousness: Unanswered Questions

human brain potentialIntelligence emerged as a result of a genetic accident – this is the most common conclusion among researchers who study human evolution. Their studies would also have to answer why the brain remains, in spite of all the important tasks it performs, a sleeping giant since neurological research shows that we only use 5-7% of its potential.

Human intelligence is the result of a huge number of interconnected neural functions, producing manual dexterity, a highly sophisticated and clear stereoscopic vision, recognition and use of complex symbols (abstract thinking) and a very long memory. Nowadays, the predominant scientific view is that there are many degrees of complexity intelligence (some of which are present in all mammals) and that humans share with apes and dolphins a lot of characteristics that, until recently, were considered unique to human beings. Continue reading